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Secure email server for nonprofits

Non-profit organisations are a special kind of business. Their purpose is to help people. Happily, there exist multiple companies, who allow non-profits to use their easily, without the need to pay for services like classic business entity. One of them is Google for non/profits iniciative (https://www.google.com/nonprofits/). This services allows you to use Google’s infrastructure, and use it easily for most of internet-related activities as a normal business is used to work with. Probably the best part is, your organisation can use state-of-art Google’s email solution without any charge, while normally, your weould be charged app 50USD per year for every email in your company. For charities and another special kind of organisations, you can use Google AdWords as well, while (when you will be allowed), you are able to advertise your charity on Google, while you are given a credit of 10.000USD per month. Note that eligibility in this support programme is depends on your country of living, and many other circumstances.

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Chrome will no longer occupy memory, reducing its consumption by dozens of percent

Chrome (Chromium) is the most popular viewer today, but it is known to be a big consumer of memory. However, the new edition will come with a number of consumption-optimizing optimizations.
Today, Chrome is based on measured statistics on websites on every second computer. His closest competitor, Internet Explorer, has a half representation. In spite of all the advantages, Chrome has a long memory consumption problem and many users do not like it.
Developers have now looked at the memory consumption of the tooth and the upcoming version 55 should be significantly more cost-effective. We plan to see it in December, but it is now possible to test it within development channels. Optimization concerns mainly the JavaScript core V8. Over the past few months, the V8 team has analysed and significantly reduced the memory consumption of several sites representing today's modern web development, says the developer's blog.

Many testing

In the case of such optimizations, intensive testing is essential, in which specific problems are revealed. Developers use the Telemetry tool, which allows you to make reproducible simulations of working with JavaScript - simulating user interactions with the site, and recording all server and browser behaviours.
In practice, the testing of news sites is done by loading the page, clicking the first link, waiting for full load, and returning. Then he clicks on the next link and repeats this activity several times. In the case of a multimedia content site, the video will start, run for a few seconds, and then select the next item to watch. This activity is repeated several times.
The benchmarks created in this way can be repeated in the test environment during development to track the impact of optimizations on different versions of the browser. The developer has published his tests, so anyone can repeat them.
Developers have added a very detailed JavaScript kernel tracking experience to new versions of Chrome. A browser running with the -trace-gc-object-stats parameter lists memory allocation details for the individual data structures. You can then visualize them with a special tool. The result looks like this:
Based on memory allocation, it is possible to return to the code to see if the individual structures behave as expected or there is a possibility of optimization. We used this tool to detect low efficiency in many data types, writes developers.

Reduce the heap for JavaScript

There is a direct link between garbage collector intensity, latency and memory consumption. For example, the use of a garbage collector may be reduced in such a way that the application receives more memory - it is not necessary to clean it so often and the user does not notice delays. For devices with a small amount of memory (such as cheap phones with 512 MB RAM), however, excessive spreading would result in an out-of-memory killere and the inaction of a greedy application.
Developers have heuristics that dynamically decides what strategy they choose when using the garbage collector. After the cleaning is completed, the statistics of the living objects are executed and the environment determines when the next cleaning is planned. If it decides to save the memory, it will begin to plan the collector run more often.
Another optimization concerns half the page size on the JavaScript heap. Instead of 1MB of pages, the new version uses 512KB. This allows for less fragmentation, reduces memory usage, and allows for more paralleling of smaller pieces of memory.

Memory management for VM

In addition to the heap, the V8 Javascript kernel also uses additional memory for internal VM operations. This memory is allocated in so-called zones that allow very fast allocation and emptying once the zone is canceled again. This is most often used in parsing and compiling scripts.
The scripts are being processed in the background when the page is loaded. Using memory visualization, developers have discovered that this process leaves the tagged zone even after the compilation has finished. A new measure has been taken to cause the zone to be canceled immediately after the compiler is complete. This leads to overall lower memory consumption and, above all, smaller tops.
At the same time, developers have found that the C ++ compiler that builds Chrome does not always optimize the layout of memory arrays. For example, if two boolean variables are in memory, they should occupy adjacent bits in one word or use free bits in the memory already in use. However, the compiler does not always behave properly, so developers have decided to do this by themselves. The result is again a reduction in the amount of unnecessarily allocated memory, but also a higher performance of the parser and the javascript compiler.
Developers promise not to complete this area and plan further zone optimizations. It will focus on devices that have between 512 MB and 1 GB of memory.


Do you still have the original DNS servers in the router?

Today, we will look at changes to the DNS settings in routers, Cerber ransomware, the order of countries according to the number of botnet clients in the Europe, Middle East and Africa, the next wave of attacks on the RDP, or the possible weakness of the Tor network.
There were a lot o attacks on routers in 2016. These are some of the brands, specifically the products of Asus, Netis, TP-Link and Tenda. As with similar attacks in previous years, this time the attacker changes DNS servers, and primary to, or, the secondary then always to So far, we do not know the attack vector, but we think it will be a JavaScript attack placed on a web page. In addition to the fact that multiple brands are being attacked, a part of the routers were also behind NAT, so we believe that the vulnerability was not likely to be exploitable via the WAN interface, as in the case of 2014 when the attacker abused the vulnerability of rom-0 .
For example, it could be an improved version of the already-known JavaScript malware JS_JITON, which the attackers put into compromised websites and which already included 1,400 login logos this April, and was focusing on D-Link, TP- LINK and ZTE. When a user visits a compromised site, this malware attempts to change the DNS server settings in the router using saved logins.
Based on our findings, the attacker does not yet direct users to any fake versions of the site, however, it is likely to change in the future. Similar attacks are nothing new. In the past, we have been dealing with the aforementioned case, where the users connected via the infected router were redirected to the attacked copy of the Google Sites, where malicious software was being served as a pretext for downloading the FlashPlayer update. Similarly, in Poland, users were redirected to mBank's fake mockery page in one of these attacks.

Our observations

The new Cerber ransomware option terminates the running processes of commonly used databases, such as MySQL, Oracle, or Microsoft SQL. The reason is to encrypt as much data as possible, while running processes would prevent encryption of database files. In order for the ransomware to terminate running processes, it must be run with the appropriate privilege.
Symantec conducted a survey to survey the number of computers in a particular country in the region of Europe, the Middle East and Africa as a member of a botnet. The first three places were in absolute numbers Turkey, Italy and Hungary. When counting the "density" of shoes, the first three positions are held by Hungary, Monaco and Andorra. Any device that is a member of the botnet has 17,492th Internet users. For example, in Hungary already mentioned, it is every 393nd user.
The Brazilian group of attackers focused on servers that are exposed to the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) on the Internet. In addition to brute force attacks, they also use vulnerabilities that the administrators did not pay for some reason. After a successful attack, the system launches a ransomware system that will encrypt most files.
Tor exit node operators should avoid using public DNS resolvers, such as Google or OpenDNS. Instead, they should use their ISP resolves or their own. This results from a newly published correlation attack that uses DNS to deanonymize Tor network users. At the moment, Google reviews about 40% of all DNS queries leaving the Tor network on its DNS resolves.


How to do it: maintenance-free Ubuntu computer for unpretentious users (grandparents)

Linux, especially Ubuntu, is an ideal choice for low-cost users. It does not spoil them with unnecessary, quietly ensures security, etc. How to set up Ubuntu so you do not have to touch it for a long time?
Linux is a good choice not only for advanced computer users but paradoxically for beginners or those who use computers only occasionally. Compared to Windows on Linux, we can see two significant benefits: 1) if the system works, it rarely happens to stop working. 2) Linux distributions do not ask for users, they do not bother with different pop-ups, program updates, etc. As you know, there is no need for antivirus on Linux.
So if you need a computer, for example, for parents or grandparents who browse the web, sometimes browse photos, videos, or write a simple document, you are at the right address. Specifically, I recommend Ubuntu. Its Unity interface is simple and intuitive for beginners. But the main reason is the five-year support of the LTS release, which is great for desktop distributions. In practice, this means that you do not need to do anything on a computer for 3-5 years (depending on which phase of the cycle you are installing).
Another advantage of Ubuntu is a very good default configuration that does not need much change. However, it's still time to install and install a few things to install and save a few worries. Let's look at them.

Install non-free add-ons

When installing, you will get the option to install third-party software. These are a few codecs, Flash, some fonts, and so on. For license reasons, it is not a default installation, but is very good. Later, they can be installed with the ubuntu-restricted-extras package.

Install updates

Even when you install it, you can check that you want to install updates, but only the most important ones are installed. Therefore, it's a good idea to upgrade to the latest versions of packages that are in repositories after installation. Either graphically through Update Manager or through the known apt update commands and apt upgrade.

Install language packs

Localization is another thing you can choose during installation, but not always installed correctly or completely. After installation, Ubuntu may offer you the option of installing additional language packages. If not, you can call it in the Settings → Language Support section.

I want the controls or not?

By default, free graphical drivers are used in Ubuntu. From the Additional Drivers menu, you can install proprietary driver from the manufacturer (Nvidia or AMD). Although they have better performance, but free ones are more stable and better tested with desktop applications. If you do not play more challenging games on your computer, which is probably not the case in our case, I recommend staying with free drivers.

Install the VLC Player

Even though there are some basic codecs in the system, they will not play all formats by far. Therefore, I recommend installing a well-known universal VLC player and setting it as the default on the Settings → Details → Default Application menu. You may also want to check the default subtitle encoding, and the VLC has often been set incorrectly. In the VLC Settings → Subtitles menu, if you want the Eastern Europe encoding (Windows-1250) - than it must be selected.

Please install other programs

Although Ubuntu still belongs to smaller distributions, it basically contains almost everything the user desires - including the LibreOffice office suite. I would still recommend installing a GIMP graphics editor and possibly a Brasero burner if your computer has an optical drive. Although these programs are unlikely to be used often, it is useful to have them at hand. Otherwise, install other programs to which the user is used. They can be, for example, service clients such as Spotify, Skype, and others.

Enhancement of the environment

Especially for older users with weaker eyesight, the scale of the environment may be too small. In Ubuntu, individual elements can be increased, but unfortunately not all at the same time, so you have to play it a bit. The interface itself can be enlarged in the Settings → Displays → Menu Scale and Window Header.
As far as font size is concerned, Ubuntu is not normally available. You need to install Unity Tweak Tool (unity-tweak-tool) from standard repositories. Then simply point to the Appearance → Fonts and size menu, or change the font. You also have the option to use the large cursors in the Appearance → Cursor menu.

Move the launcher

Unity has the alias launcher on which the application representatives are located on the left. In my opinion, it is an ideal location. However, parts of the users might want to do better, especially if they have some experience with newer Windows. Launcher dospod move this command: gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom

Set updates

Since we want to keep the system maintenance-free and safe, I recommend installing automatic updates for safety updates daily (see figure). Security updates tend to be smaller and do not change much, so they rarely happen to break anything. Having upgraded libraries like OpenSSL is really important, so I definitely do not recommend updating completely or leaving it on a user who usually likes to click on a cross and does not solve more.
As far as functional updates are concerned, they are not even theoretically needed. In addition, they are a little more likely to break something. In theory, however, the API may change some services and the older version of the program will stop working. So, it depends on you, like the imaginary administrator of the computer, and the specific user. The options are basically three: do not update until a problem occurs, update it only once in a few months, or have updates on the user - just basically just click OK when the update system offers.

Beware of the backlight

Nowadays it will be very rare for you to have standard hardware installed after installation. Relatively often, however, it does not work to modify the backlight of the laptop display. And that's a thing you do not need to register at first glance. I recommend testing the backlight and eventually selecting a solution for a particular notebook model. It is often a simple modification of the GRUB loader parameters.

Alert the user for help

This point may sound somewhat stupid, but ... A lot of users do not realize that some help exists or is there for them to use it. Moreover, when it is almost completely translated into your language. In addition, there is also a localised wiki or a major English wiki. Many problems can be solved with a little patience using these resources, so the user may not be an expert.


Installing Ubuntu takes up to half an hour, adjusting the settings according to this article similar to the time. Within an hour, you have a system for common users, which you will not have to reach for a few years in luck. Similarly, other Ubuntu derivatives, or other distributions, can also be used.


How to move a software from one computer to another?

Occasionally when purchasing a new computer, or adding a second computer to a network, we wish to keep our software on both computers or move it completely to our new one. The method used to transfer your files and software largely depend on the size of the program you are looking to transfer.
There are several methods that can be used to complete the transfer of software from one computer to another.


In some instances, a CD-ROM may be the most practical way to transfer your files and programs from one computer to another. CD-ROMs are user-friendly and simple to use. In order to load your program onto a CD-ROM, you simply have to insert the disk into your computer's CD drive, and in most cases a window will pop up asking what you would like to do with this CD-ROM - you can select from the menu what type of file you will be adding to the CD-ROM and from there it will prompt you to add the program files for the software you are moving onto the CD-ROM. Once complete, your computer will pop open the disk drive and you will be able to then take the CD-ROM with your software on it and install it on your new computer.


For smaller sized programs, you can use a USB memory stick to transfer the software files onto your new computer. Because a USB memory stick typically doesn't contain a huge amount of memory, many larger programs and suites may not be small enough to be transferred using this method. When using a USB memory stick to transfer files from one computer to another, you will simply insert the USB stick into your computer's port, and drag and drop the software program's files from the folder on your computer to the USB's folder. Once the transfer is complete you will be able to safely remove hardware and remove the USB memory stick from your computer's port. At this point, you can insert the USB stick into your new computer and install the software.


Migration software is a program that can be downloaded and installed on your computer to assist in the transfer of large files such as software. Programs and suites such as Adobe Create Suite and Microsoft Office are best transferred using migration software. This software can be downloaded online - usually for free or for a small download fee - and should be installed on both the computer you have the software currently installed on, as well as the new computer that you wish to transfer the software onto. Once installed on both computers, the software can be run at the same time, and will detect other PCs in its network. You can then select the PC you wish to transfer the files to/from, and begin the transfer. Software will transfer over the network without the need to use additional hardware to transfer files.


Which is the top 15 computer programming languages?

There are many different computer programming languages that are categorized according to different programming functions. Below are fifteen most used computer programming languages.
Java is the top used computer language that assists to develop applications on Android. This feature of java that enables development of Android apps makes it the favourite among other programming languages available. Java is also used to build apps on server-side, mobile apps and even video games. Java can run harmoniously across many software platforms. further, it has a compatibility feature that is long term hence enabling applications that are older to continue running even in the future.
SQL is another most common programming language that is used widely just as Java. Technologies of SQL database, such as MySQL and Microsoft SQL are used in almost all areas of technology, such as big businesses and banks. In addition, all iPhone and androids have SQL database access known as SQLite.
JavaScript is a computer language program that is used to make web pages more collaborative. It is used to increase its efficiency to web pages and develop games with simple functionality. JavaScript is the language used by World Wide Web and is developed into all the main website browsers that include safari, internet explorer, and Firefox browsers. JavaScript also allows for real-time communication because it gained the primary use of Node, js server technology.
Pronounced as C-sharp dates from 2000, and is developed by Microsoft for many enterprise applications. Anyone that is planning to develop Microsoft apps can consider using C#. The C# language is modern, object-oriented, and so simple.
Python is a computer programming languages that serve widely from the analysis of data to web apps. Python is one of the easiest programming languages to learn and has simple syntax. Instagram and Pinterest are some of the commonly used applications that are built on python.
C++ programming language is object-oriented that is mostly based on the prior C programing language. The list of applications in C++ consists Microsoft apps and Adobe and the large area of Mac OS/X. it is the best game to learn audio and video processing.
Ruby is a programming language that serves a general purpose. It is a big service provider of web applications. Ruby is very simple to learn and is so straightforward.
PHP is an acronym of Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is can be used to develop web pages that are written in HTML. It has very many both advanced features used by highly experienced programmers and also easy to use languages for new programmers. PHP is the heartbeat of big sites, such as Facebook and WordPress. This language program has many built components that one can use to modify in order to get good results.
C was the language that existed earlier and gave rise to more integrated languages such as C and Java. C is widely used for systems that are embedded, such as television's firmware or an aeroplane's OS and Windows OS. C is best used in working with little and applications of low-level.
Objective-C is a programming language used in iOS apps. Moreover, Objective-C is recommended as a beginning point for people who want to develop Apple apps used by iPhones and iPads.
Swift is a programming language that was developed in 2004 by Apple as their own program. Many parts of developing C++ and Objective-C are the same as those of Swift. LinkedIn, Dueling, and American airlines have first adopted Swift.
The typescript was created in 2012 by Microsoft and is related to JavaScript. Typescript is designed to run applications that are big.
Cascading Style Sheets
Also known as CSS is a programming language that is widely used and is mostly adopted for the development of browser-based apps and websites.
The algorithmic language also known as ALGOL is a programming language that was developed way back in the 1950s. Programming languages, such as C and BCPL were created from ALGOL.
Distributed application Specification Language (DASL) is a very strong programming language that was created to be mainly used to create website applications.


What are some possible applications for IoT?

What is IoT?

Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of devices, appliances, electronics, and other physical equipment to software, electronics, sensors, actuators, and internet connectivity to allow them to exchange data. Presently, as we look at cutting operation costs, which are as a result of maintenance costs, accidental breaking down of components during routine inspection, human error, and improving reliability, the modernization of our appliances tools must be met with strong links with information technology. Consumers and engineers can use streaming data from connected components to monitor performance, identify potential and impeding problems, and predict breakdown. It is also known as the industrial internet, and it only gets better with time as more gadgets in the network share their operational data. This level of integration has the potential to change the industry paradigms.

Application of the Internet of Things

Inspection automation

The inspection process employs a network of interconnected sensors at the preferred physical component. Those sensors capture and transmit data in real time via an internet link to a secure cloud-based analytics platform. From there, it is possible to analyze this data by comparing it to stored expert data, data from other sensors, and from other components, manufacturer data, operator data, and based on this give a rough health status of the said part. This method can be used to analyze and inspect the working condition of engine components, control surfaces, passenger comfort, skin tension while displaying the result on a smart engineers' mobile application, live as the machine operates. This could potentially reduce the frequency of inspections, improve customer satisfaction, increase safety, and eliminate tedious manual analysis of machine performance parameters.

Manufacturing Efficiency

In improving manufacturing efficiency, sensors are embedded in equipment and placed in various locations in the factory. Their role is to identify any hazards and bottlenecks that affect the manufacturing process. Addressing any problems reduces material wastes and time consumption. In the same process, sensors can perform predictive maintenance to correct production failures before they occur. The method involves advanced sensor analytics that predicts when manufacturing is likely to be interrupted. Predictive analytics improve productivity and efficiency by reducing costs and cutting downtime.

Improving Energy Efficiency

The use of IoT can greatly improve energy efficiency for individuals and organisations alike. The sensors in devices can help in the monitoring of light sources, temperature control, air conditioning, etc. by using intelligent algorithms to effect the control responses in real time. Large companies such as Google have achieved a 15% cost reduction in their datacentres using IoT. At home, smart sensors can save energy by turning off heating elements when they are not needed.

Agricultural efficiency

There are many ways that IoT can improve agricultural processes. Sensors could determine moisture in the soil and turn smart irrigation systems on and off to avoid wastage of water. Furthermore, incorporating weather data to other sensor information can direct watering and pest control in outdoor agriculture. When used indoors, IoT can regulate micro-climates to maximize food production.

Inventory Efficiency

There are many companies that are using IoT to improve inventory efficiency. Such systems make use of RFID or NFC tags to identify individual items in their storage facilities. By monitoring items in their location, it is easy to find them and thus reducing both time and costs. The same solution could be applied in a retail setting in determining stock availability. Top of Form


Do developers/SW companies give the source code to clients?

For the custom-made software, a customer would like to be a designer to their demands. To keep away from being available to competition, these customers make it a condition to own the sources. They do these since the business is critical and they can keep that software going. Should it happen that the customer wants to quit for any good or bad reason, for instance in cases of death, then they are at liberty to look for another SW company to continue with the maintenance and development of the software.
When handling source codes, it is important to keep in mind the following.
  • Source Codes Have A Value Separate from The Binaries
It is perfectly reasonable for you to either refuse to sign a contract that requires source code delivery or to claim on payments for source code delivery. A contract is a two-way document. Do not allow the other part to dictate what is required just because they feel like they are the "giant companies" and have a tendency of "doing this all the time". First, decide what you are willing to deliver and how the compensation will be done. Afterward, take their contract to an attorney and work out what needs to change. Later, begin the negotiations.
  • Do Not Do What Most Young People Do When They Begin Contracting
When you wish to work with the source codes and contracting is required, do not just sign it because according to you, the company is more experienced and you are just starting up. This could lead you to some terms and conditions that only favor the company at your expense. Otherwise, that is a perfect way to be ripped off.
  • Look into Why They Want the Source
Some clients may need it so that they have the option of using another developer in their next transactions later. Others may want it just because they are full of negativity and are afraid that you might be involved in an accident, leaving them with binaries that they cannot improve afterward. In this second case, check a Software Code Escrow Service. These services contain d the source code in case you go bankrupt or you are unable to maintain the software. This will satisfy both of you. Your desire to keep your code proprietary to service other customers, and their desire not to be left with a set of binaries that can not be maintained if anything bad happens.
For the software developers and all digital agencies, the source codes are the stock in trade. It is simply what you do for a living and what you are paid for. The ownership of copyright governs developers, who can recycle their projects on later projects without necessarily having to develop any code which does the same thing. The entire libraries delivered as part of a solution may end up being owned by the customer.
Olivia Herbert and Leigh Ellis of Drukker Solicitors observe that when and how ownership of source code is decided and the relevant events which lead to deciding who retains it. A Software is a literary work for the intents of copyright law. It generates graphic works and other artistic works. In most cases, legal rights can protect a software, but even with the regularity of patented software nowadays, it is an exception instead of the rule in other industries.


How is source code typically kept secret?

Source code is kept in two different languages when looking at the broad spectrum, these are interpreted and compiled. In interpreted languages, source codes are readable using software that executes codes. Scripting languages are usually the kind that is commonly interpreted.

Compiling an understanding of source codes

Compiled languages are deciphered using software to decompose it then analyze, after that the software can write out readable binary instructions on a microprocessor. In between all of this, there are bytecode languages that are also compiled but maintain the names of the symbols used, often seen with a 1:1 sequence between instructions in the program source and instructions in the compiled coding.

Which type of language is easiest to keep private?

Generally speaking, compiled languages are easier to keep source codes private and safe. The compilation process breaks down calls into small binary codes and puts the instructions in a completely different order. For example, a function call could be disguised as to not appear like a function call.
Using this method, you can avoid displaying any symbols from the binary codes so that every function indication is removed. If you allow for only the binary code to be distributed, somebody could convert the information into readable data, but it will be very low level and not representative of the original source.

More on bytecode

Bytecode language is such things as Java or .Net, this type of code is broken down then rearranged into a compiled language using symbol names. So removing them would not be an option, but you still can't retrieve the source codes from the binary.
Being able to see the symbol names means somebody could convert the source codes into a readable form for humans, so technically there is less secrecy here. This could be done at a much higher level than if somebody has used a type of language suitable for machine coding. This type of code can be run through an obfuscator replacing the names of symbols, variables, and functions with random sequences, making the code very difficult to follow if somebody tried to read it.

Last but not least - interpreted codes

Interpreted codes include JavaScript and shell scripts. This type of code needs the exchange of the source code, the only real way to keep it secret is to write it in a way that would be very complex and hard to decipher, but this is not a reasonable way to do things and causes many problems. A way around this problem would be to use a network API to protect parts that you want kept secret.
We hope this has helped shed some light on how source code is kept secret and the different types of codes available to use.


Which are the top open source projects in PHP?

PHP is undoubtedly one of the most widely-used scripting languages in the world today. It is mainly used in web development and is compatible with HTML. Projects, even small ones, can generate massive amounts of code. As the team grows, the case becomes even worse. Usually, developers work on different sections of a system and keeping track of all the changes can become a very messy task. That is why GitHub exists: to solve the problem. There are presently more than 80 million repositories on GitHub from more than 27 million contributors. Without a doubt, the platform is the best bet when seeking for popularity statistics. The projects listed presented below is the top trending PHP projects on GitHub, ranked using the criteria of stars, forks and contributors on the projects.

Top Trending PHP Projects on GitHub

Design Patterns PHP

Created by Domnikl, the Design Patterns PHP is a repository containing a variety of design patterns. It has sample codes to help developers implement the design patterns in PHP projects. Included in the repository is a list of examples that are mostly derived from Zend Framework, Symfony 2, & Doctrine 2.


Faker is a repository created by Fzaninotto for generating fake data for projects. It is a very useful tool when looking to bootstrap databases and creates attractive XML documents, and test stress by filling data, or anonymizing datasets obtained from a production server.


PHPMailer is created by a team going by the name PHPMailer. It is a project for sending emails for PHP applications. While PHP provides a mail() function, PHPMailer is much better and useful.


Monica is a simple tool for keeping track of what friends and family members are up to. The application is created by Monicahq. Developers can use the simple app to develop custom projects for tracking of specific profiles.

Platform-Agnostic Security Tokens (PAST)

The Platform-Agnostic Security Tokens is a repository created by paragonie-security. It specifies the implementation of secure stateless security tokens.


Arkadiusz Kondas created PHP AI to reinvent PHP machine learning. It includes a machine learning library that has many resources for ML projects. It includes a range of tools for data transformation, rule learning, regression, pre-processing of data, and cross-validation.


Flysystem is a repository created by The PHPLeague. It is a file abstraction library that replaces local file systems with remote files.

Bootstrap CMS

The repository was created and is maintained by Graham Campbell. It is a library based on Laravel 5.1 and Sentry to offer PHP CMS.


Voten is a repository created by Voten as a library for the creation of real-time social bookmarking. It is simple to use and is very flexible for the developers.


PsySH is a debugger console for PHP projects created by Bobthecow. PHP developers can use the tool as a REPL platform for their projects.


The Headless-wp-Starter is a library created by Poshlight for two main purposes: creating functionality for WordPress backend using the WP REST API, and a Next.JS frontend.
In conclusion, PHP is an acronym for Hypertext Pre-processor. The open source scripting language is very widely used for web applications. Mainly, it is used for server-side scripting to enable the same use-cases as those performed by CGI programs. It can collect data, generate dynamic page content, and manage cookies.


Opera vs Chrome browsers comparison

Google Chrome is certainly the most popular search engine used by people who surf the world wide web, but there are other tools available out there to search with, one that stands out to us is Opera- a search engine that many people have not heard of until now.
We decided to consider which one is better of the two and why, so lets take a look at what we found when comparing them.
  • Google Chrome is popular because it offers people a clean user interface, there are little distractions and general viewing and searching is very simple. It also has a reputation for being fast and efficient.
  • Opera uses very little memory profile and doesn't require a lot of download space, even on slower connections it is rather reliable in terms of surfing. Don't expect your RAM to slow down when you commit to using this search engine.
  • Chrome extensions can be seen as a good or bad thing depending on the type of person you are. Chrome used to have very little add ons and extensions that provided flexibility but now they offer over 11,500! That has grown by 10,000 since 2010 and will only keep growing, so you can tailor your browser preference to suit your specific needs.
  • Opera has a strong online community support network, so if you ever run into any issues then you will never be far away from getting assistance to fix the problem through the online network of other users. So depending on your personality type, you may prefer being able to go out and find the answer to your problem instead of waiting for somebody else to fix it for you.
  • Google Chrome gives you incognito mode so that your browsing leaves no trace or footprints including tracking, history or cookies on the computer you are using. You can use a separate task manager to track programs or other extensions, allowing you to look for memory usage and assess if anything is causing a problem. So you can still work around problem-solving and keep your information completely private.
One problem for Opera is that a lot of web development companies do not appreciate or recognize Opera when planning their future projects, Opera only holds between 1-2% of the search engine consumer market whereas Google has the lion's share.
Opera extensions are not always easy to find and coding has to be very simple for your searches to be fully functional all the time, most people will never have these issues when using Chrome because all websites and coding are designed to match Google's parameters.
So overall, Chrome is probably the better option out of the two for these reasons but you could still give Opera a try if you fancy a change!


Which is the best ecommerce php open source?

More small and medium sized businesses are moving from the brick and mortar way of conducting operations to establishing an online presence. Online presence not only gives your business an edge but also keeps your company competitive by proving greater control. Premium ecommerce platforms appear expensive as they charge heavy monthly and yearly expenses. The trend has changed over time with more players entering the market and evolving to meet the needs of the new users entering the market. They provide affordable open source platform for online businesses and offer scalability, customizability and community support not found in enterprise solutions. However the increasing number of ecommerce php open source platforms only makes it difficult for users to choose the appropriate platform for their businesses. Here are some of the best ecommerce php open source platforms:

The Magento Community Edition

Magento Enterprise Edition is the company's flagship product used by reputable companies like Samsung and Nike. The price is on the high-end as it costs $16,000 annually. The company developed Magento Community Edition for smaller companies looking to use the similar features as the flagship product for free. The most notable feature about this ecommerce php open source is that it offers lots of great features not available on other platforms. For example, users can use it to manage various stores, offer different currencies and choose from a variety of languages. The platform has more than 200,000 users making it the most popular open source platform available. This large number of users also makes it infinitely scalable and flexible.

X Cart

This PHP platform offers a lifetime license which makes it the most unique freemium carts. X Cart offers self-install and hosted alternatives with extensive features for paid plans. While this feature is pretty impressive, upgrading is a little pricey for small retail stores. The user needs to code and use the HTML manually to get the most out of this ecommerce php. The manual configuration allows users to customize it to their needs.

The OpenCart

It is popular for small businesses that have few or no staff with lots of programming experience. The platform is pretty easy to use as it does not have lots of functionalities found in other shopping cart software. This advantage comes at a price as the reduced complexity means it lacks many useful features.
You may need a programmer or other such expert to help you open the program. For increased flexibility, users can add different plugins to increase compatibility. The most notable benefit of using this platform is that it does not cause your server to slow down.


It is a WordPress plugin hence the user needs to install WordPess on his host to use it. The platform turns any WordPress site into a fully functional online store with product pages, coupons and inventory management. WooCommerce is free to download and install which means stores don't need additional plugins. Additionally it connects to major payment gateways hence the user only need to add content. Retailers can offer discounts and coupons while adding tons of features using the extension library. However, with WooCommerce users have to spend on the domain name, additional extensions, and hosting. What's more, while it is compatible with all WordPress themes users need to customize one that works with WooCommerce only.


How to protect your email from spam?

One thing, which is quite common nowadays, is that every business, website, and blog asks for an email address. No matter how much a person tries to control information there is always a spam email in the inbox. However, there are certain ways to protect your email from spam such as:

Do Not Reply

It is not wise to respond to a spam email. First, never try to open such an email but if somehow by accident it opens, it is advisable not to click on any of the links in the email. If it appears that, the spam email is from a friend, family member, or a colleague let them know about it. Chances are that seeing a familiar email address a person is likely to click the given links or contact the person who has sent that email. Keep a close eye on the emails as spamming is becoming quite common in the era of modernization and information technology. People try to take all the necessary measures in order to avoid a spam.

Avoid Giving email Address to everyone

It is important to hide the email address as much as possible. Just try to give it to important people. Otherwise, there are chances of receiving frequent spam emails. People nowadays want to get the email address. Even while shopping the first thing a cashier asks, would be the email address. However, if there is an option to unsubscribe from the email list, it can be a good idea to avoid receiving tons of emails every day.

Using Disposable Email Address

It is wise to use a disposable email address especially if someone is not comfortable in sharing his or her real one in the public. There are different tools, which a person can use in order to resolve this particular issue. It is possible to use Firefox, Blur, and Chrome Extension for this purpose.

Changing the email address

It can be painful to change the email address since many friends and family members know that. In some cases, the email address belongs to a business and nowadays many people work from home. However, being a victim of spam in past is not a good thing due to which it would be a last resort to change that particular email address to avoid spam in future.

BCC everyone about the new email address

While informing the friends and family members about the new email address do not forget to BCC. Send that same email to the new email address and do not forget to BCC.

Buy a domain name

Using the domain name and the relevant email address can be the best option for a business owner. It would be a safer option since nobody can take away this particular domain. However, it is important to shop for the domains wisely. There is a huge variety available out there but making a wise decision can result in the success and growth of the business.

Spelling email address

Spelling the email address instead of using the original version can assist in keeping the spammers at bay, especially those who can get the email address by hacking. People nowadays are quite aware of different tools and techniques. Technological advancement is bringing numerous changes in the life of modern people. It is important to keep pace with the fast-changing world.
Try these methods and see if they work for you.



What is a browser fingerprint?

You would be surprised how much information is available on your browser. Web browsing patterns always leave a trace that can be mined for data about the browser, and everything from locations to political affiliations can be determined by these tiny amounts of data. Traditionally this has been a treasure trove for advertisers looking for consumer purchasing patterns, but recent events have seen bad actors attempting to use this data for more malevolent purposes. While some browsers have options that automatically stop cookies and VPNs can mask the IP address of users, there is one other way that your data may be accessed by persistent individuals. More and more, browser fingerprints are being used to gain access to this vital data.

What Is Fingerprint?

While it is not often discussed in the general community of internet users, browser fingerprinting is a growing concern in the security community. It is the practice that may identify an individual through unique patterns of information that are visible to a website when the computer makes a connection with that address. A surprising amount of this data is available, including everything from the browser version to the operating system it is installed on. A fingerprint may contain other telltale signs including hardware configurations, other software installed, and certain browser plugins. While this may sound like a paucity of data, the exact pattern may be so precise that virtually no one on the internet has the exact same pattern of information. Even one custom setting could differentiate your browser from millions of other users, and even keeping exact factory settings could make your browser just as unique.

How Can You Assure Privacy From Browser Fingerprinting?

The best way to protect yourself from those who are using browser fingerprints to track your online activities is to understand the methods that are used and thus the steps you can take to make it more difficult for them. One of the earliest methods was to focus on pixel resolution of the browser to include rendering and the unique speed of the operating system and hardware such as the processor and video card. Another method is to capture cookies faster and grab as much data as possible in the fractions of seconds it takes to delete them. Popular website including communication providers, social networks, dating sites, and even pornographic sites do this on a regular basis. The process of circumventing these efforts can be difficult, including purposeful manual changes of system settings between every browsing session to enhance anonymity. In some cases, swapping hardware may be necessary to ensure that the pattern-collecting efforts are broken.

Is There An Easier Way To Prevent Browser Fingerprinting?

As you may have gathered, preventing sites from tracking you via your browser fingerprint can be a lot of work. There may be better approaches to preventing browser fingerprinting than these laborious methods. A good first step may be creating baseline settings close to factory default and running your browser only from this "clean" machine. At the end of each session, system restore should be used to reduce the accumulation of data that may lead to an identification. If you need more information on how you can protect yourself and your data, Contact Us for more tips and tricks as well as software that may help.


Why is using AdBlock bad for internet?

Why You should Not Use AdBlocks

Online publishers rely on advertising to generate revenue. It explains why websites are crowded with auto-playing videos, flashing banners, widgets leading to sponsored story links as well as content-blocking overlays. Sadly, this kind of aggressive, spammy ad tactics is annoying and affects the overall user experience. As a result, there has been an increased use of ad-blocking technologies to restrict any form of online advertising by default.
For example, popular search engines like Google plan to introduce ad filters on their Chrome web browser. While ad-blockers provide a viable solution for online visitors, ad-driven websites are likely to lose a significant amount of revenue. A survey conducted in 2015 showed that up to 500 million devices installed an ad-blocker; 181 million were desktop users who used ad-blocking plug-ins while other used browsers that blocked the ads automatically leading to large losses in revenue. It begs the question, are ad-blockers good for the internet?

How ad Blockers Operate

Ad-blockers are integrated into the user's web browser to block particular content. The filters have been designed to evaluate the features of the websites based on the URL configuration and notify the browser not to load those that match them. The ad-blockers come with myriads of rules and update their configurations as advertisers adopt new ad techniques. However, the blockers provide different categories that allow users to activate and deactivate ads at their discretion.
Ad-blockers also protect users from trackers. These are tools used to send information about the user's behavior, type of device used by web publishers, advertising companies, and analytics in a bid to personalize their experience. Advertisers use the information to send personalized ads based on the sites you visited previously. The trackers also slow down the user's web browsing and change the way the website is laid out.

Pros of Ad-blockers

A large number of internet users will vote to use ad-blockers. While the rules for using these filters are rather harsh they allow users to whitelist sites that have less obtrusive advertising. In fact, some websites like those of banks don't load correctly if the ad blocker is on. Google Docs and Google Drive also won't load if the ad blocker is active hence the need to whitelist them. Ad blockers are important for several reasons:
  • They rid of distracting ads
  • Allow web pages to load faster
  • Reduce the bandwidth and battery usage
  • Protect users from malware

Cons of Ad-blockers

A Google search for ad-blocking tools brings up a line of results on how to disable pop-up ad blockers. While they are outright annoying, a world without pop-up ads can be extremely dull and plain.
  • Reduced revenue for Publishers
Some websites solely rely on ads to generate income. The use of ad blockers threatens the existence of such websites as little or no revenue is flowing back to the publishers. Additionally, interesting content that livens up the internet disappears over time leaving only a small number of publishers creating viral content for specific platforms.
  • Limited Access to Websites
While ad blockers are designed to stop intrusive ads they may restrict access to some websites. Most websites use the same code to browse through the advertisement hence blocking the ads reduces your ability to access the next part of the webpage. It can be frustrating if you are filling out a form or purchasing an item.


While ad blockers have been invented for all the right reasons, advertisers and ad block developers should decide on a sustainable solution. For example, partial ad-blocking provides a more defensible way for companies to earn revenue without forcing advertisements to users. Publishers can also work with ad blocking companies to determine ads that users have approved.



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